Poultry production / Feed production chain
Feed production chainAnimal feed is a complex product. Within the poultry feed production chain there is a large diversity of different kinds of feed and ingredients. The feed that is given to the animals in the poultry chain consists for large part of concentrates. These concentrates consist of ingredients with or without additives like antibiotic, vitamins and flavours. The main objective when formulating feed is to minimise the costs of producing the final product (meat and eggs). By varying the additives in the feed, the energy level of the feed is optimised. Additives play an essential role in the diet with respect to welfare and health status of the animal. Important additives in this respect are ingredients that help reduce the magnitude of infections; antibiotics, probiotics, prebiotics or organic acids support the reduction of risk in colonisation of Salmonellae in the animal. Other ingredients play a role in the growth of chickens for poultry meat and the egg production is stimulated.
Food safety plays an important role in the poultry production chain but also in the poultry feed production. Research shows that in poultry feed incidentally contaminations (like Salmonellae, toxins, residues, metal, antibiotic, etc.) are found. This however does not always mean that undesirable compounds are a risk for food safety.
Within the feed production system food safety risks are involved because of the unpredictability of the contamination risks. There are several ways to cope with these risks and try to minimise them. HACCP codes for the feed production system helps to deal with critical points within the progress in order to produce a safe product.
In this part the risk in the poultry feed production chain is discussed.
Figure: Poultry feed production chain