Poultry production / Farm Types / Housing Types

Housing Types

In western countries it is a trend that consumers demand not only a safe product but also an animal friendly produced product. However, animal welfare and food safety are terms that are often a contradiction in relation with housing systems.

Roughly there are the following housing types:

Table: Comparison between layer hen systems for different indicators (+ means a positive value regarding that specific indicator, - a negative value).

 

  cage system welfare cage Aviary free range deep litter organic system
food safety issues:          
health medicine ++ + +/- +/- --
manure ++ ++ +/- - -
water and feed ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
ventilation ++ ++ +/- + ++
control by farmer + + +/- ++ +/-
           
welfare -- - +/- + +
productivity ++ + + +/- -
labour ++ + +/- - --
cost price ++ + +/- +/- --
environment ++ + - - --

 

Table: Comparison between different stages in the poultry production cycle (+ refers to a high food safety risk, - refers to a low food safety risk).

 

parent stock

rearing farm broiler farm layer farm
manure removal  - ++ 
feed  +
water  +/- +/-  +/- 
veterinary  +/- +/-  +/-  +/- 
control by farmer  +/- +/-  +/-  +/-