Poultry production / Farm Types

Farm Types

Worldwide different types are used for every single housing system. Click on the pictures to which stage of the poultry production chain (as indicated in the table below) you want to go. Click on one of the pictures below to see the different types for each system.

 

 

Broiler production

 

 

Egg production

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grandparents

 

 

Grandparents

 

 

Hatchery

 

 

Hatchery

 

 

Parents

 

 

Parents

 

 

Hatchery

 

 

Hatchery

 

 

Broilers

 

 

Layer rearing

 

 

 

 

Layer production

 

 

Slaughterhouse

 

 

Egg processing

 

 

Retail

 

 



 

 

On the different kinds of poultry farms (e.g. broiler farms, layer farms, rearing farm, etc.) risks with regard to food safety and animal health are present. These risks can occur in the following aspects: Hygiene on the farm; Storage of compound feed; Feed and water systems outside and inside the houses etc.

 

 

In this chapter, these factors are discussed in more detail

 

 

Most farmers are certified by quality systems which means that the farmer complies the rules of that quality system. They purchase compound feed from recognized feed manufactures, good hygiene, keep record of events and materials, etc. 

The hygiene standard at a farm is by far the most important condition for good animal health and for production of safe food. Of course there are other factors that play a significant role and in general a combination of factors (so called 'hurdles') do stimulate and enlarge the effects.

 

 

In the diagram the effect of regular Cleaning and Disinfection (C&D) is shown.

 

 

The red dotted line represents the situation where C&D is not regularly performed. The hygiene level is relatively low and there is a wide variation between before and after C&D. When the frequency of C&D is increased both the hygiene level increases and the variation is smaller, which means that the differences between before and after C&D is less.