HACCP / HACCP in practice

HACCP in practice

The new HIMP, introduced by the USDA in 2000, includes performance standards for food-safety and non-food-safety aspects. These cover certain disease conditions and the presence of faecal material, for which the tolerance levels are zero. Thus, while visible faecal contamination is unacceptable, the presence of non-faecal ingesta is permitted for 18.6 % of carcasses.

Integrated Quality Control Systems (IQCS) and hygiene codes for broiler-meat and egg production were introduced in The Netherlands in the early 1990s. Both projects included an integrated system for the whole poultry or egg production supply chain. Controlling the entire production chain (starting at the level of the grower and continuing through the processing operation), aims to guarantee the quality of the final product. By doing this, the whole process can be effectively managed and optimised. Data collection and registration accompany upstream and downstream communication to satisfy consumer demands regarding product safety and quality. The relevant processes have been certified and standards are now set for production of both poultry meat (including turkeys) and eggs. IQCS include hygiene standards of which HACCP plans and Salmonella and Campylobacter control programmes are an important part. Although participation in the system is on a voluntary basis, the programme has attracted almost all existing companies as participants. They all agree on the application of the strict rules set by the system, which is also based on European legislation regarding prevention of food-borne zoonoses in animal production as a whole.

  HIMP (USDA) Performance Standards for young chickens

 

Category

 

 

Types

 

Example Performance Standards

 

(%)

 

FS* - 1

 

Condition (infectious)

 

Septicaemia,

 

toxaemia.

 

      Zero

 

 

 

 

 

FS – 2

 

Contamination (digestive content)

 

Faecal material.

 

      Zero

 

 

 

 

 

OCP* - 1

 

Condition (animal diseases)

 

Airsacculitis,

 

arthritis,

 

ascites,

 

avian leucosis complex,

 

avian tuberculosis,

 

cadaver,

 

enteritis,

 

erysipelas,

 

inflammatory process,

 

nephritis,

 

osteomyelitis,

 

pericarditis,

 

pneumonia,

 

salpingitis,

 

tenosynovitis.

 

1.7

 

 

 

 

 

OCP – 2

 

Condition (miscellaneous)

 

Breast blisters,

 

bruises,

 

fractures,

 

localised inflammatory
      processes

 

mutilation,

 

over-scalding,

 

scabs,

 

sores.

 

52.5

 

 

 

 

 

OCP – 3

 

Contamination (digestive content)

 

Ingesta.

 

18.6

 

 

 

 

 

OCP – 4

 

Dressing defects (other)

 

Extraneous material:

 

bile,

 

feathers,

 

lungs,

 

oil gland,

 

trachea.

 

80.0

 

 

 

 

 

OCP – 5

 

Dressing defects (digestive tract)

 

Bursa of fabricius,

 

cloaca,

 

crop,

 

intestines,

 

oesophagus.

 

20.8

 

* FS: Food Safety Standard

 

OCP: Other Consumer Protection Standard